The term Barytes is derived from the Greek baros meaning heavy. Barite is found in the southern parts of India Barytes (or barite) is a naturally occurring mineral form of barium sulphate. It is extracted by both surface and underground mining. Its main properties are its high specific gravity 4.2 4.5, very low solubility; it is non-toxic, and also chemically and physically non-reactive, low abrasiveness and opaqueness to x-rays.
it is available in lumps and powder form.
Barite is used as a weighing agent in oil well-drilling fluids to counteract certain pressures that result from well drilling operations. In this process, Barite is crushed and mixed with water other materials. It is then pumped into the drill hole. The weight of this mixture counteracts the force of the oil and gas when it is released from the ground. This allows the oil and gas rig operators to prevent the explosive release of the oil and gas from the ground.
In the paper industry, high-refined barites powder can be used as the filling of white paperboard and coat paper, improve the whiteness and percentage of coverage.
When used in cosmetic industry, the properties of barite powder such as high whiteness, gentle and harmless to skin allow it to replace titanium dioxide.
Barite is a key player in preparing white pigment (lithopone) which is a mixture of barium sulphate and zinc sulphide. This pigment is used in making white paint that is used to give a chic appearance to wooden artifacts.
In dope and painting, it can be used as a filler and can take the place of some expensive material such as basofor, crypton, titanium dioxide, activity, monox etc. Control the viscosity of the paint compatibly to make the products with bright color, good stability.
Barite is dense, inert, sound radiation-absorbing fillers for special sealants and adhesives. It is included where a higher weight is wanted in the adhesive.
In rubber industry, the products less than 600 mesh is used as the filling of rubber products to save cost. It improves the intensity, acid, alkali and water proof. The grinded barite powder is important additive to improve its hardness, wear resistance and anti-aging properties. It makes better the reinforcing action of caoutchouc and synthetic rubber too.
In plastic industry, it is used as the filling of plastic ABS (Acrylonitrile – Butadiene – Styrene) to make the products with bright color. It boosts the intensity, stiffness and abrasive resistance of the plastic.
In medicine, it can be used as barium meal material for the intestines and stomach reflection, and also the filling for plaster.